Colorectal surgery is a procedure that aims to alleviate problems in the rectum, anus, or colon. Other examples of why you might need colorectal surgery include bowel obstruction, diverticulitis, and in severe cases, cancer in the lower digestive tract. As colorectal surgery is a delicate procedure, your doctor will advise you on how to prepare beforehand.
Read on to find out what you should expect and how to plan.
Few Days Before Operation
Once you and your doctor have decided that you need colorectal surgery, your doctor will discuss everything you need to know about the surgery. Take this time to ask all your questions. The earlier you can get answers, the sooner you can prepare.
Your primary care physician may instruct you to undergo some tests, such as an electrocardiogram (ECG) or a blood test. These are necessary to determine whether you’re fit to undergo surgery. You may also need to see other specialists who can help you prepare further. Your doctor may require a medical clearance from your cardiologist or pulmonologist prior to your procedure.
You may need to stop taking specific medications. These include anticoagulants that increase the chance of bleeding complications during surgery. It would be best if you stop smoking and drinking liquor, as these activities may cause problems after the procedure.
As your operation draws near, pick someone who will act as your support person. Your support person will be able to help you with transportation after the operation.
One Day Before Operation
Bowel Preparation with Antibiotics
You must strictly follow any dietary restrictions your doctor gives you. They may ask you to stop eating any solid food and go on a clear liquid diet. Some examples of foods allowed during a clear liquid diet are:
- Fruit juice without pulp
Eliminating solid food from your diet prevents dehydration and also helps clear out your bowels for the surgery. However, be sure to clear your meals with your doctor beforehand. A clear liquid diet may be dangerous if you have diabetes.
If instructed, take prescribed antibiotics to go along with your diet. Depending on your doctor, these may include neomycin and metronidazole.
You may have noticed a clear liquid diet contains many sugary, sweet foods high in calories. Research suggests this alleviates discomfort during surgery by reducing hunger, thirst, and anxiety. It also has advantages after surgery, such as making your hospital stay much shorter.
As with any operation, you should clean yourself before your colorectal surgery to decrease any chances of infection. Your surgery team will sterilize the surgical site. However, it’s still best to be as clean as possible. Your doctor may specifically ask you to shower using antibacterial soap.
Morning Before Surgery
If your doctor advises you to take medication before your colorectal surgery, don’t forget it before heading to the hospital.
As much as possible, be early. Arrive before your scheduled procedure and wear loose and comfortable attire. You should wear clothes that are easy to remove. If your doctor allows you to wear your clothing after the surgery, loose clothing is also easier to put on.
Colorectal Surgery in Sarasota, FL
Colorectal surgery can be a complex procedure. However, if you prepare correctly beforehand, you can minimize your stress and decrease any risks you might encounter.
If you have an issue that you feel may require colorectal surgery, first consult your primary care physician. They will be able to assess the condition and refer you a colorectal surgeon if appropriate. From there, our colorectal surgeon will develop a detailed treatment plan to help resolve your issue. If you are looking for a single medical group that can assist with your issue from start to finish, look no further than Intercoastal Medical Group. Our team of well-trained primary care physicians and specialists will ensure you receive the best medical care. We use only the latest techniques and technology to ensure a safe colorectal procedure.